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How Can I Stabilize My Blood Pressure?

It is normal for blood pressure to vary slightly throughout the day, but blood pressure that fluctuates from one extreme to the other should be monitored and managed.

Home remedies, lifestyle changes, and some medications can help to regulate blood pressure.

It is important to get it checked regularly because blood pressure can reveal a lot about a person's health.

Below are five factors that can cause dangerous fluctuations in blood pressure.

1. White coat hypertension

This term describes blood pressure that is higher at the doctor's office, often because the person is anxious about the appointment.

A study published in 2013 concluded that people with white coat hypertension should be monitored for heart disease risk factors, especially abnormal blood sugar levels.

White coat hypertension is not necessarily as concerning as blood pressure that is consistently high.

A 2016 meta-analysis published in the Journal of Hypertension found that people with white coat hypertension had a lower risk of heart disease and a better outlook than people with lasting hypertension.

2. Medications

Certain medications can temporarily reduce blood pressure. They include:

  • diuretics
  • beta-blockers and other heart medications
  • tricyclic antidepressants
  • medications for high blood pressure, especially if the dose is too high
  • medications for Parkinson's disease
  • medications for erectile dysfunction, especially if taken with nitroglycerine

3. Emotional upset, anxiety, and stress

Strong emotions, particularly stress and anxiety, can cause blood pressure to spike. This is the body's natural response to a stressful event, and the pressure will eventually return to normal as the person calms down.

However, long-term stress and untreated anxiety can have lasting, harmful effects on blood pressure and overall health.

4. Temperature

Being in a warm room or taking a hot bath can temporarily lower blood pressure. This is usually not a cause for concern, as long as blood pressure does not dip too low.

Symptoms of dangerously low blood pressure include dizziness, nausea, and fainting.

5. Street drugs

Cocaine and methamphetamine can cause extreme spikes in blood pressure.

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