How Is Fluctuating Blood Pressure Treated?
First, a doctor will determine the underlying cause. They will ask about a person's history and discuss their lifestyle and current medications. The doctor may also order or conduct tests.
Medications can lower blood pressure and prevent dangerous fluctuations. A person may also be able to achieve this by making changes to their lifestyle.
By attending follow-up visits, a person can ensure that their blood pressure remains within normal limits and that medications are not causing unpleasant side effects.
Home remedies and lifestyle changes
The following actions can help to normalize blood pressure:
- Stop smoking: Smoking harms the arteries and causes high blood pressure.
- Eat more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein: Reduce or eliminate added sugars and processed foods.
- Get regular exercise: Moderate-intensity exertion, such as walking at a quick pace, is recommended by the American Heart Association. A person should do this for 30 minutes per day, at least 5 days a week.
- Limit alcohol consumption: Women should drink no more than one drink per day and men no more than two drinks per day. Drinking more than this can raise blood pressure.
- Find healthy ways to lower stress: Meditation, deep breathing exercises, guided imagery, and other techniques to manage stress can help to avoid spikes in blood pressure.
- Consume less sodium: Excessively salty foods can cause sharp increases in blood pressure.
- Reduce the intake of caffeine: Caffeinated drinks can cause temporary spikes in blood pressure, and they may make anxiety worse.
Consult a doctor for personalized guidance.