Risk Factors Of Hypertension And Type 2 Diabetes
Hypertension and type 2 diabetes also share similar risk factors. These include:
- having excess weight and body fat
- following an unhealthful diet
- having an inactive lifestyle
- stress and poor sleep habits
- smoking tobacco
- older age
- having low levels of vitamin D
Having a family history of hypertension increases the risk of hypertension, while a family history of diabetes increases the risk of diabetes, particularly type 2.
Having hypertension appears to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, and having type 2 diabetes increases the risk of hypertension.
Also, having one or both conditions increase the risk of various complications, including:
- heart attack or stroke
- decreased kidney function, progressing to dialysis
- problems with the blood vessels in the eyes, leading to vision loss
- peripheral vascular disease
Other factors that increase the risk of hypertension include:
- having a high fat or high sodium diet
- high alcohol consumption
- low levels of potassium
- other chronic conditions, such as sleep apnea, kidney disease, or inflammatory arthritis
Making healthful lifestyle choices from an early age can help prevent both type 2 diabetes and hypertension. People with diabetes can help decrease the risk of high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease by controlling their blood sugar levels.