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Risk Factors Of Hypertension And Type 2 Diabetes

Hypertension and type 2 diabetes also share similar risk factors. These include:

  • having excess weight and body fat
  • following an unhealthful diet
  • having an inactive lifestyle
  • stress and poor sleep habits
  • smoking tobacco
  • older age
  • having low levels of vitamin D

Having a family history of hypertension increases the risk of hypertension, while a family history of diabetes increases the risk of diabetes, particularly type 2.

Having hypertension appears to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, and having type 2 diabetes increases the risk of hypertension.

Also, having one or both conditions increase the risk of various complications, including:

  • heart attack or stroke
  • decreased kidney function, progressing to dialysis
  • problems with the blood vessels in the eyes, leading to vision loss
  • peripheral vascular disease

Other factors that increase the risk of hypertension include:

  • having a high fat or high sodium diet
  • high alcohol consumption
  • low levels of potassium
  • other chronic conditions, such as sleep apnea, kidney disease, or inflammatory arthritis

Making healthful lifestyle choices from an early age can help prevent both type 2 diabetes and hypertension. People with diabetes can help decrease the risk of high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease by controlling their blood sugar levels.

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