Does Your Partner Have A Low Sperm Count?
Finding out the cause of your partner's infertility can be challenging. Male infertility specialists have different ways of doing that, but here are some of the tests you can expect:
Sperm and Semen Analysis
A trained expert checks your partner's sperm count, their shape, movement, and other characteristics. In general, if your partner have a higher number of normal-shaped sperm, it means your partner have higher fertility. But there are plenty of exceptions to this. A lot of guys with low sperm counts or abnormal semen are still fertile. And about 15% of infertile men have normal semen and plenty of normal sperm.
If the first semen analysis is normal, your doctor may order a second test to confirm the results. Two normal tests usually mean your partner don't have any significant infertility problems. If something in the results looks unusual, your doctor might order more tests to pinpoint the problem.
If your partner don't have any semen or sperm at all, it might be because of a blockage in your partner's "plumbing" that can be corrected with surgery.
It can find varicoceles -- abnormal formations of veins above the testicle. Your partner can get it corrected with surgery.
Testosterone and other hormones control the making of sperm. Keep in mind, though, that hormones aren't the main problem in about 97% of infertile men. Experts disagree as to how big a search should be done for hormonal causes of infertility.
It can identify specific obstacles to fertility and problems with your partner's sperm. Experts differ on when genetic tests should be done.
Some men make abnormal antibodies that attack the sperm on the way to the egg, which keeps you from getting pregnant.
For other guys, making sperm isn't the problem: It's getting the sperm where they need to go. Men with these conditions have normal sperm in their testicles, but the sperm in semen are either missing, in low numbers, or abnormal.