If You Get Bruises For No Reason
Has it happened to you that you find marks on your body, but you don't remember hitting yourself before? Be careful, because if you bruise without any reason, your health could be in danger due to some of these diseases that can be fatal.
1. Thrombocytopenia: it is a disease in which you manifest a low platelet count. Platelets (thrombocytes) are colorless blood cells that help blood to clot.
It can be inherited or occur by a variety of medications or conditions. However, the factors that can reduce platelet production are: leukemia, viral infections such as hepatitis C or HIV, chemotherapy drugs or excessive alcohol consumption.
According to Mayo Clinic, some of its signs and symptoms can be: tendency to bruise, superficial bleeding in the skin that appears in the form of eruption of reddish and violet spots, urine or feces with blood, fatigue and unusually menstrual flows abundant
2. Von Willebrand disease: it is the most frequent of the coagulation disorders. People with EvW have a problem with a protein in their blood called von Willebrand factor that helps control bleeding.
That is, when a blood vessel is injured and bleeding occurs, the FvW helps platelets form a clot to stop bleeding.
Its symptoms include: bruising, excessive bleeding from an injury or after surgery, nasal bleeding that does not stop in less than 10 minutes, heavy menstrual bleeding and a tendency to bruise.
The World Federation of Hemophilia notes that there are three main types of EvW:
Type 1 EvW is the most common form. Although the symptoms are usually very mild, severe bleeding may occur.
Type 2 EvW is characterized by a defect in the structure of the FvW. Its protein does not work properly, causing less than normal activity. Your symptoms are usually moderate.
Type 3 EvW is usually the most serious. People with EvW type 3 may develop bleeding in muscles and joints, sometimes without being caused by an injury.
3. Hemophilia: is an inherited bleeding disorder in which the blood does not clot properly. This can cause both spontaneous bleeding and after an operation or having a wound.
It is caused by a mutation or change in one of the genes that instructs to produce the coagulation factor proteins necessary to form a blood clot.
Although only men can develop it, women are the ones who transmit it.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests that hemophilia can cause: bleeding within the joints that can lead to chronic joint disease, bleeding in the head and sometimes in the brain, which can cause long-term problems, like seizures and paralysis.
Death can occur if the bleeding is not able to stop or if it occurs in a vital organ such as the brain.
The most common signs of this condition are: bruising, swelling, pain or stiffness in the joints (knees, elbows and ankles), hemorrhages in the mouth, nose and gums, and blood in the urine or feces.
4. Cirrhosis: It is a late stage of liver healing caused by many liver diseases, such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism.
In general, liver damage caused by cirrhosis cannot be reversed, but if the cause is diagnosed early and the cause is treated, the progression of the damage can be limited, and rarely reversed.
It usually does not give signs until the lesions become large, but when there are, they can include: fatigue, bruising, weight loss and appetite, nausea, confusion, drowsiness and itchy skin, according to Mayo Clinic.
5. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: a disorder that can cause excessive bruising and bleeding due to abnormally low levels of platelets.
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, also called immune thrombocytopenia, affects children and adults.
Its symptoms are similar to those of thrombocytopenia, according to the aforementioned site.
6. Leukemia: is the cancer of white blood cells, which help the body fight infections. It is also known as blood cancer.
Blood cells are formed in the bone marrow. However, in leukemia the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells, so these cells replace healthy blood cells and make it difficult for blood to fulfill its function.
Some of its signs are: bruises, fever or chills, persistent fatigue, weight loss, red spots on the skin, pain or tenderness in the bones, enlarged liver or spleen and recurrent nosebleeds, as explained by Mayo Clinic.
According to the National Cancer Institute over 55, but it is also the most common cancer in children under 15 years.
If, in addition to bruising, you have persistent symptoms or signs of any of these diseases, visit a health expert immediately. An early diagnosis can make a difference.